When we study the different literary currents developed throughout history, it is men who head the lists of main authors. This makes it difficult to name, at a glance, women writers who have marked a before and after in the world of literature and culture.
In addition, many of them have used male pseudonyms to be able to write, because we were not allowed to do so simply because we were women. Expressing feelings, reflections, criticisms and opinions has never been an easy task for women. And when these manifestations are written down in literary works, they have simply been destined to oblivion.
The history of Spanish literature does not differ from this situation. The Generation of '98, the Generation of '27, Naturalism or Spanish Realism are made up of male names. But the reality is that there were many women who enriched our literature with their pens, women whose recognition has been inferior or simply non-existent.
It is for this reason that we want to give the recognition that these great women of the history of literature deserve. We have designed a T-shirt to pay tribute and give visibility to the Spanish women writers who changed our way of seeing the world through their works:
Rosalía de Castro (1837-1885). Post-romantic Spanish poet and novelist, she is one of the precursors of modern poetry in our country. Moreover, she is one of the emblematic figures of the rebirth of the Galician language and culture, in a historical moment in which the Galician language was discredited and underestimated. Galician Songs y Follas Novas are the author's most outstanding works, in which she expresses her feelings towards her homeland in her own voice.
Emilia Pardo Bazán (1851-1921). Novelist, essayist, playwright, poetess and journalist, Pardo Bazán is considered, nowadays, as the introducer of Naturalism in Spain. She is also one of the forerunners of women's rights in our country. On several occasions she was denied admission to the Royal Spanish Academy for being a woman. In Los Pazos de Ulloathe author reflects the contradictions between her thoughts and the society of the time.
Carmen de Burgos (1867-1932). Known by her pseudonym Colombineshe is considered the first professional journalist and the first war correspondent of our country. Activist for the rights of Spanish women, in her letters she defended the need for change in society and culture and the support for women's suffrage. She signed with other male pseudonyms such as Perico de los Palotes o Gabriel Luna.
María Moliner (1990-1981). Spanish librarian, archivist, philologist and lexicographer. She focused on her passion for words, which led her to write the Dictionary of Spanish Usagebringing richness to the world of Hispanic letters.
Mercè Rodoreda (1908-1983). Poet, playwright and novelist, she is one of the most outstanding writers of Catalan literature. Her works have been translated into more than forty languages, and in them she reflects on femininity and love, and questions the freedom to alter the concept of motherhood and family.